Selected Publications

While previous research on readability has typically focused on document-level measures, recent work in areas such as natural language generation has pointed out the need of sentence-level readability measures. Much of psycholinguistics has focused for many years on processing measures that provide difficulty estimates on a word-by-word basis. However, these psycholinguistic measures have not yet been tested on sentence readability ranking tasks. In this paper, we use four psycholinguistic measures: idea density, surprisal, integration cost, and embedding depth to test whether these features are predictive of readability levels. We find that psycholinguistic features significantly improve performance by up to 3 percentage points over a standard document-level readability metric baseline.

Recent Publications

More Publications

  • Psycholinguistic Models of Sentence Processing Improve Sentence Readability Ranking

    2017. In EACL (Conference proceedings)

    Details PDF Poster ACL Anthology

  • German morphosyntactic change is consistent with an optimal encoding hypothesis

    2017. At DGfS (Abstract)

    Details PDF

  • From OpenCCG to AI Planning: Detecting Infeasible Edges in Sentence Generation

    2016. In COLING (Conference proceedings)

    Details PDF ACL Anthology

Recent & Upcoming Talks

Recent Posts

Installing OpenCCG can seem intimidating, but it’s not so bad, really. Here I’ve tried to reduce the README to the necessary details while providing a little bit of extra explanation when it seemed helpful.


My website was stagnant. I love Markdown. This looks like a good way to motivate myself to update regularly. And I even found a responsive theme!



Adapting generation to users under cognitive load

This is the natural language generation side of SFB 1102 project A4 ‘Language Comprehension and Cognitive Control Demands: Adapting Information Density to Changing Situations and Individual Users’.

GerMorphIT: Exploring German Morphology with Information Theory

Work with Cynthia A. Johnson and Rory Turnbull on understanding changes in the German adjectival system in terms of information theory